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Culture has been stereotypically associated with old, outdated, irrational and illiterate practices. Today, this cultural practice in Ghana is still being practiced although westernization has brought some slight shift in its application for instance there is the use of sedatives or drugs to cause numbness in bid to ease pain when the procedure is being conducted. Up Next. You and I would agree that as people advance in age, they tend to develop an inherent attraction towards people of the opposite sex. As a manager you have many challenges, not least of which is creating and maintaining a positive culture in your team. The consequence of female genittal mutilation is excessive bleeding, blocked or complication during childbirth some which could even get fatal. They’re the fabric that creates the diverse tapestry of the world we have today, defining the local communitiesthat celebrate them. It is constantly changing based on their experiences. Share this article. To spell out the ‘evil spirit’ they have to be cast out lest they bring misfortunes to the community. Tristan Claridge has a passion for technology, innovation and teaching. However, government has intervened at these practices are no longer done at the public glare if they are actually happening. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As a manager you have a strong influence on the shared understandings of your team. Traditionally, the gods would be appeased and the elders would bless the union. Alternatively, cleansing rites had to be performed. I belong to the school of thought that believes that illiteracy and ignorance are entwined. For example, a manager may have carefully cultivated shared values of trust, respect, and common purpose within their team, but a top-down management decision in an organisation with a poor culture could easily be interpreted as a betrayal of trust, lack of respect, or not valuing the efforts and expertise of the team. Among the Akan people this ceremony was referred to as Din to but according to their practices it would be 8 days after the baby is born, the baby was to remain indoors before this event was conducted. You should consider your teams role in changing the wider organisational culture by having positive influence. The strong bonds can limit people’s behaviour to those strictly adhering to strong norms that are controlled by strong sanctions. Be extremely careful not to create an ‘us and them’ mentality. Due to lack of knowledge there are communities in West Africa, precisely Ghana that belief children who are born deformed or due to ailments or other caused end up disabled are due to evil powers possession. We know from social capital theory, and common sense, that this type of event can devastate positive cultures that have taken considerable time and effort to create. Another way to reduce the influence of the wider organisational culture is to openly discuss the differences between the organisational culture and the culture you are trying to develop in your team. These harmful traditional practices include female genital mutilation (FGM); forced feeding of women; early marriage; the various taboos or practices which prevent women from controlling their own fertility; nutritional taboos and traditional birth practices; … This is not intended to be an exhaustive list but merely to provide examples that help to illustrate the range of organisational cultures that can exist. This was done by some unremorseful parents due to poverty especially in the Northern region where people are living in abject poverty. If this is your situation I strongly suspect your senior management is the cause of the negative organisational culture. The banning of lead in these products appears to have resulted in an increase in IQ, or rather a reversal of a tendency for these products to decrease IQ with exposure. Let your positive culture radiate outward from your team to the rest of the organisation. This has over time help upheld the meaning of marriage as sacred, honorable and undefiled. By having strong consistent messages that are reinforced and appropriately sanctioned you can negate some of the negative influence from the wider organisational culture. The consistency of your responses is very important so that you send the same message every time and in every circumstance. In my experience the senior management probably believes that they just ‘have the wrong people’ and that they need to hire new ‘better’ people to improve the culture. Segregation is not done as was in the past but somewhat still is. Culture questions. A virgin girl would be driven out of their home and taken to the shrines as a ransom for their parents evil or wrongdoings. About 70 % of the families in Northern Ghana are poor with 71% of them being illiterate and 79% of the children not attending school. This evidence can come from verbal and non-verbal communication, as well as what they read and see, and their interpretation of this information. Are you conducting researching on social capital? In such an organisation, negative impacts on your team’s culture can come from above (the actions and decisions of senior management) and from all around from any member of the organisation. Since culture is constructed and reconstructed with every interaction you should interact with your team often. Mass media. We have conducted extensive investigations of social capital theory including its conceptualisation and operationalisation. His diverse experience in teaching, research, and business has given him a unique perspective on organisational social capital and the potential improvements that can be achieved in any organisation. The good news is there are some things you can do to limit the impact of negative external influence on your team culture. For example, the theory known as the lead–crime hypothesis that links declining crime rates in multiple countries to the phase-out of lead in gasoline and other products. This is clearly counterproductive, and you should be careful to stop this from happening. But what if you’re not the CEO or General Manager and you don’t feel like you have the power to create that change? Traditions and cultural practices are things we always enjoy experiencing in our travels. Social sanctions and reputation in the workplace, Valuing success in the organisation: The tall poppy and the back slap. This make it unfit that some of the norms they put forward are very inhuman, insensitive and long suffering. Marriage of children Arranged, forced marriage of children is a customary practice that is harmful to the […] Traditional, boys who were going through this rite were segregated from the community and taken a distance far of where the procedure would be done as well us being taught their roles as men, how to protect their kinsmen among other generational norms fit for their knowledge. I’ll discuss some of them below. Harmful traditional practices refer to behaviours and practices which have been committed primarily against women and girls in certain communities and societies for so long that they are considered, or presented by perpetrators, as part of accepted cultural practice. The Ewe tribe conducted this rite to virgin girls around the Volta region of Ghana. Set the tone and make examples of situations that can illustrate what you and your team stand for. READ ALSO: Don’t give me a state burial when I die – Efia Odo tells government. Ordinarily such a girl would be cast out along the other who got pregnant before marriage. If a girl was deflowered meaning had lost their virginity, the family was on shame. Evidently, this can be seen in the diversion between cultural practices in Ghana and those of the west. Culture and society. However, the product this process leads to may be highly negative. Designing Social Capital Sensitive Participation Methodologies, Guide to Social Capital: The Concept, Theory, and its Research, Overcoming negative organisational culture, What to do if negative organisational culture is effecting your team. They know and understand that there is negative influence from the wider organisation, and this will help to reduce its influence. Traditional culture are shared experiences that are transferred from generation to generation. This would traumatized them to the core of their being considering they were already in their low moment of life trying to deal with death, loneliness, denial anger and acceptance of the departed. However, these evil cultural practices in Ghana have since reduced considerably. Managers in this situation often feel like they need to protect or buffer against management decisions that result in, or could be interpreted as, distrust, disempowerment, demotivation, disrespect, exploitation, inequity, unreasonable demands, etc. They would be secluded from the community taught about family, marriage and culture. Members of the family would gather up together make merry, feast, sing and dance as they welcome the new addition. Cultural practices in Ghana for instance have both the good and the ugly bit of it. Some rites and declaration would be made by the elders including naming. Unfortunately, I have few suggestions about how to deal with poor senior management. Meaning human beings are interdependent on each other, there interaction is what brings about a society then rules that govern it, its leadership, shared beliefs among other things. An outmoded cultural practice is archaic, harmful to certain individuals, anti-developmental, barbaric, etc. Norman Uphoff. Often communities living in the remote areas would kill deformed children. For example, they may have read in their induction pack that the company values honesty but on their first day they may witness someone being dishonest. I will broadly categories them into positive and negative cultural practices in Ghana and mention the repercussions of each. Information that contributes to this ‘reality’ comes from a wide variety of sources: from within your team, from your organisation, and from the wider society in which you live and work. They’re what makes each of the places we visit utterly unique. As a leader you have the opportunity and responsibility to set the tone for interactions within your team. The shared values and beliefs from one context influence the values and beliefs in other contexts. READ ALSO: 5 serious social problems in Ghana and their solutions, Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the news that matters from one of the leading news sites in Ghana, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news, Importance of girl child education in Ghana, Puberty rites in Ghana - types and significance. Excellent post. What they typically fail to recognise is that the problem starts with them – their attitudes, values, and beliefs. Cultural practices Genital mutilation Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a customary practice that is harmful to the health of children. The effect of outmoded cultural practices in Ghana sadly would even be death. Clearly counterproductive, and consulting tied to was deflowered meaning had lost their virginity, the wider organisation and! The challenge too great and either leave or give up sanctions and reputation in the workplace, Valuing in. 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